2 (1"-thick) bone-in pork rib chops
Kosher salt
1 1/2 tsp. sugar, divided
2 Tbsp. extra-virgin olive oil, divided
1 large shallot, chopped
4 garlic cloves, thinly sliced
1/4 cup red wine vinegar
3 sprigs rosemary
1 Tbsp. drained capers
2 Tbsp. unsalted butter, cut into pieces

Season pork chops with salt and sprinkle evenly with 1/2 tsp. sugar. Heat 1 Tbsp. oil in a large skillet over medium-high. Cook chops, undisturbed, until well browned underneath, about 3 minutes. Turn and cook just until second side is lightly browned, about 1 minute. Transfer chops to a plate (they wont be fully cooked); reduce heat to medium.
Pour remaining 1 Tbsp. oil into same skillet and add shallot and garlic. Cook, stirring often, until softened and just beginning to brown, about 3 minutes.
Add vinegar and remaining 1 tsp. sugar to skillet. Cook, swirling pan occasionally, until vinegar is nearly evaporated, about 2 minutes.
Add rosemary, capers, and 1/2 cup water to skillet; season with salt. Reduce heat as needed to maintain a very low simmer. Add butter and swirl pan continuously (and vigorously) until sauce becomes smooth, glossy, and emulsified.
Return pork chops to skillet, arranging darker side up. Simmer gently in sauce, swirling occasionally, until chops are cooked through, about 3 minutes (a thermometer inserted near the bones should register 135F).
Transfer pork chops to plates and spoon sauce over.