ARTIFICIAL SWEETENERS

Some artificial sweeteners - aspartame, sucralose, saccharin & stevia.

Artificial sweeteners provide sweetness to homemade foods and come in both granular and liquid varieties. I have baked with artificial sweeteners. When I do, I use SPLENDA, also known as sucralose, because I find it works best from a technical standpoint.

However, if one tries to remove sugar as an ingredient and/or replace it with a substitute or alternative, the altered food frequently shows a quality difference. They lack the browning, tenderizing, and moisture retaining properties provided by table sugar, so important in baking.

Specially formulated recipes are often needed to make a product with acceptable texture and appearance when using artificial sweeteners. Because the different low-calorie sweeteners vary in sweetness and bulk, package directions must be followed for the amount to use in place of sugar.

TYPES:

SWEET ONE (Acesulfame-k)
4 calories per packet 1 packet = 2 teaspoons
1 cup = 24 packets
1 cup = 1 cup sugar
Can be used in cooking and baking without losing sweetness. (Sweet OneSM) is a very low calorie sweetener that is 200 times as sweet as sucrose. It is heat stable so it can be used in baked goods. For improved texture in baked products, use acesulfame K in combination with granulated sugar. It reportedly has no unpleasant aftertaste.

EQUAL (Aspartame)
4 calories per packet 1 packet = 2 teaspoons
1 cup = 24 packets
1 cup = 1 cup sugar
Commonly known as NutrasweetSM or Equal, is not heat stable so it is not an appropriate sweetener for baked goods; loses sweetness when baked at high temperatures for a long time. But can be used in stir-fries or added during last few minutes of heating or cooking.

NUTRASWEET SPOONFUL (Aspartame)
2 calories per teaspoon 1 packet = 2 teaspoons
1 cup = 24 packets
1 cup = 1 cup sugar
Loses sweetness when heated. Commonly known as NutrasweetSM or Equal, is not heat stable so it is not an appropriate sweetener for baked goods. But can be used spoon for spoon in place of sugar in same foods as Equal.

SPLENDA (Sucralose)
0 (zero) calories 1 packet = 2 teaspoons
1 cup = 24 packets
1 cup = 1 cup sugar Visit website for recipes.
This is my choice for an artificial sweetener because it works best from a technical standpoint as an ingredient. It’s more like sugar than any other low-calorie sweetener! It also tastes close to sugar. It can be used virtually everywhere sugar is used, even in cooking and baking. It has on 2 calories per teaspoon and 0.5g carbohydrates. Splenda Granular measures and sweetens spoon-for-spoon and cup-for-cup like sugar in most cases, but check Pantry: Substitutes for full instructions. I have used it successfully in recipes that call for granulated sugar.

TIPS:
If the recipe calls for sifting the dry ingredients, measure the amount of SPLENDA® Granular you need before sifting. Remember, one cup of SPLENDA® Granular equals the sweetness of one cup of sugar - but SPLENDA® Granular does not sift like sugar because the sugar granules are different.
When the recipe calls for beating ingredients together, such as butter, sugar and eggs, you may need to beat the ingredients a bit longer to get enough air into the mixture to result in a more fluffy and even texture.
Baked goods made with SPLENDA® Granular will last longer if stored in a refrigerator.
Baked goods made with little or no sugar do not brown like recipes made with sugar. The addition of molasses, cocoa or other dark ingredients can help you achieve browning in recipes like those for cookies and cakes. For browning, add 1 tablespoon of molasses for every cup of SPLENDA® Granular used.
Check your baked goods sweetened with SPLENDA® No Calorie Sweetener for doneness a bit earlier than the recipe with sugar calls for, generally 7-10 minutes for cakes and 1-2 minutes for cookies. This is because recipes made with SPLENDA® Granular may bake more quickly than those made with sugar.
For longer storage, baked goods made with SPLENDA® Granular can be frozen.

SWEET 'N LOW (Saccharin)
4 calories per packet 1 packet = 2 teaspoons
1 cup = 24 packets
1 cup = 1 cup sugar
Is a heat stable noncaloric sweetener that, in its pure form is 200-300 times as sweet as sucrose. Bulking agents are added to saccharin products to aid in measuring. Saccharin has a bitter aftertaste. Can be used in cooking and baking without losing sweetness.

BROWN SWEET 'N LOW (Saccharin)
20 calories per teaspoon 1 teaspoon = 1/4 cup brown sugar
4 teaspoons = 1 cup brown sugar
Is a heat stable noncaloric sweetener that, in its pure form is 200-300 times as sweet as sucrose. Bulking agents are added to saccharin products to aid in measuring. Saccharin has a bitter aftertaste. Can be used in cooking or baking without losing sweetness. Note that measurements differ from packet sweeteners.

SORBITOL: found naturally in some fruits & seaweeds. Sorbitol, a polyol (sugar alcohol), is a bulk sweetener found in numerous food products. In addition to providing sweetness, it is an excellent humectant and texturizing agent. Sorbitol is about 60 percent as sweet as sucrose with one-third fewer calories.

Sugar to Stevia Conversions
From “The Stevia Cookbook,” c1999 Ray Sahelian and Donna Gates
Sugar amount Equivalent Stevia powdered extract Equivalent Stevia liquid concentrate
1 cup 1 teaspoon 1 teaspoon
1 tablespoon 1/4 teaspoon 6 - 9 drops
1 teaspoon 1 pinch to 1/16 teaspoon 2- 4 drops

STEVIA: is the common name for stevia rebaudiana, an herb used as a replacement for sugar or other non-nutritionative sweeteners. The resulting extract from the stevia plant is roughly ten times sweeter than sugar.

The stevia plant is native to the Amambay mountain range in Paraguay, South America and was used by the native people in a tea-like beverage as well as for medicinal purposes. It was finally brought to the attention U.S. government in 1918 by a botanist for the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Stevia is an unapproved food additive and not affirmed as “Generally recognized safe” by the FDA, either for use as a dietary supplement or dietary ingredient of a dietary supplement. Stevia can be purchased in either powered or liquid form from most local health food stores.

XYLITOL - obtained from fruits, berries. Used as a sweetener in sugar-free foods.