Using Dried Vegetables & RECIPES

Using Dried Vegetables

Rehydrating Dried Vegetables
Most vegetables are soaked or rehydrated in cold water prior to use. However, there are 2 other acceptable rehydration methods: add the dried product to boiling water (see Table 1) or add the dried vegetable to a product with lots of liquid, such as soup. Whichever rehydration method is chosen, the vegetables return to their original shape.

Vegetables can be soaked in either water or, for additional flavor, bouillon or vegetable juice. They usually rehydrate within 1 to 2 hours. If they are soaked for more than 2 hours, or overnight, they should be refrigerated. See chart for how much water to use and for the minimum soaking time. Using boiling liquid speeds up the soaking time. Save and use the soaking liquid in cooking.

Adding dried vegetables directly to soups and stews is the simplest way to rehydrate vegetables. Also, leafy vegetables, cabbage and tomatoes do not need to be soaked. Add sufficient water to keep them covered and simmer until tender.

Vegetable Chips
Dehydrated, thinly sliced vegetables or vegetable chips are a nutritious low-calorie snack. They can be served with a favorite dip. Vegetables to try are zucchini, tomato, squash, parsnip, turnip, cucumber, beet or carrot chips.

NOTE: Vegetables should be thinly sliced with a food processor, vegetable slicer or sharp knife before drying.

Vegetables Flakes and Powders
Vegetable flakes can be made by crushing dehydrated vegetables or vegetable leather using a wooden mallet, rolling pin or one’s hand.

Powders are finer than flakes and are made by using a food mill, food processor or blender. The most common powders are onion, celery and tomato.

See Table 2 for “Dried Vegetable Equivalents.”

Table 1. Rehydrating Dried Food.
Product Water to Add to 1 Cup Dried Food (Cups) Minimum Soaking Time (Hours)

Fruits(*)
Apples 1½ - ½
Pears 1¾ - 1¼
Peaches 2 - 1¼

Vegetables()
Asparagus 2¼ - 1½
Beans, lima 2½ - 1½
Beans, green snap 2½ - 1
Beets 2¾ - 1½
Carrots 2¼ - 1
Cabbage 3 - 1
Corn 2¼ - ½
Okra 3 - ½
Onions 2 - ¾
Peas 2½ - ½
Pumpkin 3 - 1
Squash 1¾ - 1
Spinach 1 - ½
Sweet Potatoes 1½ - ½
Turnip greens and other greens 1 - ¾
(*) Fruits - Water is at room temperature.
(
) Vegetables - Boiling water is used.

Table 2. Dried Vegetable Equivalents
Fresh Produce Dry Equivalents
1 onion - 1½ tablespoons onion powder - ¼ cup dried minced onions
1 green pepper - ¼ cup green pepper flakes
1 cup carrots - 4 tablespoons powdered carrots - ½ cup (heaped) dried carrots
1 cup spinach - 2-3 tablespoons powdered spinach
1 medium tomato - 1 tablespoon powdered tomato
½ cup tomato puree - 1 tablespoon powdered tomato
20 pounds tomatoes - 18 ounces dried sliced tomatoes

Campfire Corn Chowder

* (4 to 6 generous servings)
* 1/2 cup dried corn
* 1-1/2 cups water
* 4 strips bacon
* 1 medium onion, chopped
* 2 cups water
* 1 medium potato, diced
* 2-1/2 cups water
* 2 cups nonfat dry milk
* 1 tablespoon flour
* 1-1/2 teaspoons salt
* 1/8 teaspoon pepper

Rehydrate corn in 1-1/2 cups of water. Allow to stand for at least 30 minutes.
Brown bacon in soup pot until crisp. Remove and drain. Brown onion in bacon fat until tender. Add onion to bacon.
Discard all fat except for 2 tablespoons.
Place undrained rehydrated corn into soup pot. Add two more cups of water. Boil for 45 minutes. If necessary, add more water to maintain volume.
Add diced potato and cook until tender.
Combine premeasured milk, flour, salt and pepper mixture with 2-1/2 cups water and mix well.
Add milk mixture to the pot and bring to a simmer, stirring occasionally.
Add onions and crumbled bacon. Stir well. Serve with crackers or homemade bread.

Backpackers: Save trouble by mixing dry milk, flour, salt and pepper before leaving home.

Creamed Corn
(serves 6)

* 1 cup dried corn
* 4 cups boiling water
* 1 teaspoon sugar
* 1/2 cup cream
* 1 tablespoon butter
* 1/2 teaspoon salt
* 1/4 teaspoon pepper

Add dried corn to boiling water. Allow to stand for 20 minutes.
Simmer corn until tender, approximately 1 hour. Drain off excess water (save for soup or gravy).
Add sugar, cream, butter, salt and pepper to the drained corn.
Bring to a simmer, stirring frequently.

Corn Fritters

* 1 cup dried corn
* 4 cups boiling water
* 1-1/2 cups flour
* 1 teaspoon baking powder
* 1-1/2 teaspoons salt
* 2 eggs, beaten
* 1/2 cup milk

Rehydrate corn by adding to boiling water and allow to stand for 20 minutes.
Simmer corn until tender, approximately 1 hour. Drain off excess water (save for soup or gravy).
Sift flour, baking powder and salt into a bowl.
Combine the beaten eggs and milk, mixing well.
Add the liquid to the flour mixture all at once and stir the mixture until smooth.
Fold in the corn.
Drop batter from a teaspoon into a well-greased frying pan and cook until brown on all sides.
Remove and drain on absorbent paper. Serve hot.

Pork and Apple Bake

Rehydrate dried apple rings by soaking 1 hour or until soft in boiling water (just enough to cover). Brown pork chops, season, and pour off grease. Arrange, one layer deep in a casserole. Cover chops with apple slices, add water in which apples were soaked and enough more to barely cover chops. Bake at 350 degrees F for 35 to 40 minutes.

Winter Corn Pudding
(serves 6)

* 3/4 cup dried corn
* 3 cups boiling water
* 2 eggs, slightly beaten
* 2 tablespoons butter, melted and slightly cooled
* 2 cups light cream
* 2 tablespoons onion, chopped
* 1 tablespoon sugar
* 1 teaspoon salt
* 1/8 teaspoon pepper

Rehydrate corn by adding to boiling water and allow to stand for 20 minutes.
Simmer corn until tender, approximately 1 hour. Drain off excess water (save for soup or gravy).
Preheat the oven to 325 degrees F and grease a 1 quart casserole.
In a large bowl, combine corn, eggs, melted butter, light cream, onion, sugar, salt and pepper.
Pour into the greased casserole and bake for 35 minutes or until knife inserted in the center comes out clean.

Green Bean Casserole
(serves 4)

* 2 cups water
* 1 cup cut green beans, dried
* 1 can mushroom soup
* 1/4 teaspoon onion powder

Bring water to a boil.
Add beans and cook to desired degree of firmness.
Add soup as is, do not reconstitute.
Add onion powder.
Simmer in saucepan until heated through and serve.

Variation: Place in one-quart casserole. Top with bread crumbs or french fried onion rings. Bake in 325 degrees F oven for 30 to 35 minutes.

Vegetable Soup

* 4 cups water
* 3/4 to 1 cup dried vegetables (green beans, corn, peas, tomatoes, onions, etc.)
* 2 packages beef bullion granules or 4 cubes
* Seasonings to taste such as herbs, soy sauce, or curry

Bring water to a boil. Add dried vegetables, bouillon and seasonings.
Simmer about 20 minutes or until vegetables are tender though chewy. (Freshly dried vegetables will not take as long to reconstitute as those that have been stored for a long time.)

As a variation, add 1/2 cup cooked rice, noodles or barley with the other ingredients, or add 1/4 to 1/2 cup dried jerky, cut in bite-size pieces. Using low-sodium soup granules or bouillon cubes will allow those on low-sodium diets to enjoy this versatile recipe.

Beef Vegetable Soup

* 1 soup bone (with some meat)
* 1 cup assorted dried vegetables (corn, peas, beans)
* If not among dried vegetables:
* 1 large celery stalk
* 2 carrots
* 1 medium onion
* 1 tablespoon dried parsley
* 1 tablespoon salt
* 1/4 teaspoon pepper

Cover soup bone with water. Cook 1 hour over medium heat.
Pour boiling water over dried vegetables just to cover. Soak 1 hour. (Do not drain).
Dice celery, carrots, and onion; add all vegetables, dried parsley and seasoning to beef bone. Simmer 1 to 1-1/2 hours.
Remove bone, dice meat and return to pot. Season to taste and serve hot.

Instant Soup Cup

* 1 tablespoon powder from dried vegetables (such as peas)
* 1/4 cup dried milk
* 3/4 cup boiling water

Pulverize dried vegetables into powder in a blender or food processor at the highest speed.
Mix powder with dried milk. Place in cup and add boiling water. Stir.
For better flavor, soup may be simmered. Dried potato flakes may be added, if desired, to thicken soup.

Apple Pie

* One 9-inch pie crust
* 1/4 lb. dried apple slices (3-1/2 cups)
* 2 cups water
* 1/3 to 1/2 cup sugar
* 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon
* Crumb topping:
* 1/2 cup flour
* 1/4 cup brown sugar
* 2-1/2 tablespoons butter or margarine

Cook dried apples in water until soft, about 1 hour. Add additional water, but not an excessive amount. Do not drain.
Add sugar and cinnamon.
Pour into prepared pie shell.
Mix topping until crumbly and sprinkle over pie.

Note: Either sweet or sour apples may be used in drying. Sweet apples such as Red Delicious are used for sweet schnitz (dried apples), and the peel is left on to ensure a rich flavor. If a tart flavor is preferred, use late fall or early winter fully matured apples. No research is available on the suitability of current commercial varieties of apples. Dry a small amount of a variety and test by using it in one of your favorite recipes before drying large amounts of that variety.

Apple Coffee Cake
(serves 18)

* 2 cups dried apples
* 1 teaspoon lemon juice
* 1/2 cup margarine
* 3/4 cup sugar
* 2 eggs
* 1-1/2 cups flour
* 1/2 teaspoon salt
* 2 teaspoons baking powder
* 1/2 cup milk
* 1 teaspoon vanilla
* Topping:
* 1/2 cup sugar
* 2 teaspoons cinnamon

Place dried apples and lemon juice in a bowl. Add enough water to cover and soak for 1 hour.
Cream margarine and sugar.
Add eggs and beat well.
Sift together flour, salt and baking powder. Add to creamed mixture.
Add milk and vanilla. Beat well.
Pour into two 9-inch greased and floured cake pans.
Top with drained, rehydrated apple slices.
Combine sugar and cinnamon. Sprinkle evenly over apples.
Bake at 375 degrees F for 35 to 40 minutes.