All About Insulin Resistance ( Diabetes )
Resistance to insulin is one of the main characteristics of type 2 diabetes. However, people without diabetes and people with type 1 diabetes can also develop this condition. Insulin resistance stops your liver, muscles, and fat cells from working properly.
In people without insulin resistance, insulin sends signals to the liver after a meal and instructs it to store any extra glucose as starch. In between meals, however, the liver continues to make glucose to supply the brain with energy. If you have insulin resistance, your body is unable to stop this process and the liver keeps making glucose even when you don’t need it.
In healthy muscles, insulin allows cells to absorb glucose so that it can be used for energy. If you have insulin resistance, glucose isn’t transported into muscle cells efficiently.
To make up for insulin resistance in your liver and muscle cells, your pancreas produces too much insulin. After awhile, your body won’t be able to keep up with this demand, your insulin levels drop, blood glucose levels get higher, and eventually you develop diabetes.